Rhinoceros are gigantic, prehistoric looking beasts. They are also the second largest land mammal after the elephant. Unfortunately the species is threatened to become extinct, which is why World Rhino Day was created in 2010 to raise awareness of the need to protect the five existing types of rhinos: white rhino, black rhino, Indian rhino, Javan rhino and Sumatran rhino. These rhinoceros have been hunted by man for their horn, which was thought to have medicinal purposes but in reality it has none. Due to poaching, the population of rhinos is in serious trouble. Let's learn a little more about the five different kinds of rhinos.
Javan Rhinoceros - This rhino is almost extinct
as there is thought to only
left in the world. It lives in the Asian rain forests and has a single horn.
Sumatran Rhinoceros - Resides in Sumatra. Because Sumatra is cold, this rhino has the most fur of all the rhinos but is also the shortest. It is critically endangered with around 300 left in the world.
Black Rhinoceros - This rhino isn't really black, rather it is light grey. It comes from Africa and can weight as much as 4,000 pounds. It has two horns and is also critically endangered.
Indian Rhinoceros - This animal resides in, you guessed it, India. It can weigh over 6,000 pounds and has one horn.
White Rhinoceros - This is the Black Rhino's neighbor in Africa. It isn't really white, but grey. This rhino is the second largest land mammal after the elephant. There are around 14,000 white two horned rhinos left on earth, making it the hardiest population of the species.
Some fun facts about Rhinos are:
- They can run up to 40 miles per hour. Better get out of their way!
- Rhinos like mud because it helps to protect their sensitive skin from the sun's rays. Keep them out of the house or you'll get in trouble for tracking in muddy hoof prints!
- The word rhinoceros comes from the Greek words for "nose" and "horns." How clever were those Greeks?!
- Rhinos have good hearing, but poor eyesight. Another reason to get out of their way if they are running.
- These giant beasts are herbivores or plant-eaters. If asked, it's in your best interest to share your salad with them.
The Youth Services Department will be offering an opportunity to learn more about these mighty
creatures on September 22nd at 4:30 PM with the Kreative Kids program. Children in grades K-2 can participate in activities to learn more about the rhinoceros and create a special project. Even if you can't make it to Kreative Kids, learn more about the rhinoceros and ways it can be protected from extinction by checking out books on the species and visiting the various sites below. I cannot image a world without rhinoceros, can you?
Kreative Kid Registration Link
Picture Books with Rhinoceros characters
Rhinoceros Informational Books
World Rhino Day website
Save the Rhino website
Labels: Kreative Kids, Save the Rhino, World Rhino Day